Sikhism – The History
The history of Sikhism begins with Nanak, a son of the ruler/warrior caste, who lived from 1469-1538 and was born in northern India. The mystic branches, Bhakti Hindu and Sufi Islamic, “holy” men influenced him. Guru Nanak Dev believed in a supreme being and determined that all religions used different names for the same deity, which he called “Sat Nam,” (True Name). It appears that Nanak wanted to blend Hinduism and Islam, (Sikh is Hindu for disciple). Although many similarities can be seen between Sikhism, Hinduism, and Sufism (a branch of Islam), the typical response to claims of a connection are met with an adamant position for Sikhism as a direct revelation from God.
The word Guru is combination of two small words Gu and Ru. Gu means Darkness and Ru means Light. Sikhs say guru means “the Light that dispels darkness,” but since “darkness” comes first it seems more like, “the darkness that parades as light.”
Sikhism – Beliefs
The basic beliefs of Sikhism are:
Sikhism – Basic Christian Response
In contrast to Sikhism, the basic Christian beliefs are: